This fall I’m teaching HIST 348: The Radical Reformation at Conrad Grebel University College. Given how much I’ve benefited from other instructors’ pedagogical transparency, in this post I’m sharing an early draft of the syllabus. As I describe here, the status of the “Radical Reformation” as a recognizable historical phenomenon and framework for research is a matter of current discussion. I intend to involve students in this debate in class, but have decided to center the course itself on early modern Anabaptists and Anabaptism. The course is twelve weeks long, and students meet twice a week for eighty minutes. The content and structure of the course reflects my intent to help students both master the subject matter and engage in tasks of historical investigation and interpretation. I welcome comments and suggestions.
Expected Learning Outcomes
At the conclusion of the course, students will be able to:
- Identify questions that animate the scholarly study of early modern Anabaptism and pose their own
- Assess the impact of context on the content of primary source evidence
- Critically evaluate and compare the content of other historians’ written argumentation
- Synthesize evidence from various sources of information about the past to produce a historical argument
- Communicate original and persuasive historical interpretations in oral, written, and visual form
Class Participation (15%)
Writing Assignments: Historiographical Workshops (20% each)
1. Secondary source scavenger hunt and analysis (1000 words)
Students will select two articles from the assigned essay collections (see course schedule below). They will identify the following elements related to the mechanics of scholarly writing: the author’s field and affiliation; the volume’s intended audience; the essay’s argument; the location and scope of the article’s literature review; and three pieces of primary source evidence. The analytical portion of their essay will address the authors’ approaches to the question of “radicality” in relation to their historical subjects.
2. Primary source analysis (1000 words)
Students will select a pair of primary sources with a theological focus from distinct regions, time periods, or Anabaptist writers/groups (I will provide a list of source pairings). In their essays, students will (1) contextualize the sources, (2) describe their contents, and (3) formulate a conclusion about Anabaptist theological commonalities and differences, using chapter eight from Snyder (1997) as a framework for comparison.
3. Additional syllabus unit (3 pages)
Students will create an additional unit for the course syllabus, which includes a topic/theme, lecture/activity outlines, and reading(s). The scholarship on which this unit is based will have been published in the last ten years. Students will include a one-page reflection in which they explain their choices.
Final: Timeline JS Assignment (25%)
Students will select a course topic (theme, theological position, or Anabaptist group or figure) and create a visual representation of 10-12 related historical developments using the open source tool Timeline JS. In addition, they will submit a three-page essay in which they explain the significance of the events they have selected and explore the interpretive implications of their work. The purpose of this summative exercise is to lead students to make an argument about the meaning of continuity and/or change over time in relation to the historical subject they have selected.
- C. Arnold Snyder, Anabaptist History and Theology: Revised Student Edition (1997)
- Other readings listed in course schedule below
- Sept. 5 – Presentation of course themes
- Sept. 10 – Late Medieval European Religion
- Reading: Snyder, Anabaptist History and Theology, chapters 1 and 2
- Sept. 12 – The Reformation, 1517-1525
- Reading: Snyder, Anabaptist History and Theology, chapter 3, 4, and 5
- Sept. 17 – Origin Stories: South
- Reading: Snyder, Anabaptist History and Theology, chapter 6 and 7
- Sept. 19 – Origin Stories: North
- Reading: Snyder, Anabaptist History and Theology, chapter 11
4. Spread and Development
- Sept. 24 – Persecution, Migration, and Missions
- Reading: Martin Rothkegel, “Pilgram Marpeck and the Fellows of the Covenant: The Short and Fragmentary History of the Rise and Decline of an Anabaptist Denominational Network,” Mennonite Quarterly Review 85, no. 1 (2011): 7-36
- Sept. 26 – Conversion
- Reading: “Hans Fischer Responds to Questioning (1548),” in C. Arnold Snyder (ed.), Later Writings of the Swiss Anabaptists, 1529-1592 (2017), 57-67.
5. Historiographical Workshop #1: A “Radical Reformation”?
- Oct. 1 – Definitions of Reformation Radicalism
- Readings: student selections from Bridget Heal and Anorthe Kremers (eds.), Radicalism and Dissent in the World of Protestant Reform (2017) and James M. Stayer and John D. Roth (eds.), A Companion to Anabaptism and Spiritualism (2007)
- Oct. 3 – Conversation with Invited Guest
II. Anabaptist Religious Cultures
6. Authority and Gender
- Oct. 8 – Scripture, Prophesy, and Communal Practice and Belief
- Readings: “Margret Hottinger of Zollikon” and “Ursula Jost and Barbara Rebstock of Strasbourg,” in C. Arnold Snyder and Linda A. Huebert Hecht, Profiles of Anabaptist Women (1996), 43-53 and 273-87
- Oct. 10 – Courtship and Marriage
- Lyndal Roper, “Sexual Utopianism in the German Reformation,” Journal of Ecclesiastical History 42, no. 3 (1991): 394-418
- Oct. 22 – Münster
- Oct. 24 – Orality and the Written Word
- Reading: Snyder, Anabaptist History and Theology, chapter 9
8. Historiographical Workshop #2: “Anabaptist Theological Divergences and Commonalities”
- Oct. 29 – A Common Anabaptist Theological Core?
- Readings: Snyder, Anabaptist History and Theology, chapter 8; selected primary source pairings
- Oct. 31 – Conversation with Invited Guest
9. Anabaptist Minorities in Conflict and Coexistence
- Nov. 5 – Swiss Brethren
- Reading: “Strasbourg Discipline,” in Snyder (ed.), Later Writings, 92-99
- Nov. 7 – Dutch Mennonites
- Reading: Piet Visser, “Mennonites and Doopsgezinden in the Netherlands, 1535-1700,” in Stayer and Roth, 299-345
10. Identity Formation
- Nov. 12 – Hymns and Martyr Stories
- Readings: Ausbund, number 17; Erin Lambert, “Friction in the Archives: Storytelling in Sixteenth-Century Anabaptism,” Renaissance and Reformation/Renaissance et Réforme 41, no. 2 (2018): 113-138
- Nov. 14 – Transnational Disputes and Convergences
- Reading: Troy Osborne, “The Development of a Transnational ‘Mennonite’ Identity among Swiss Brethren and Dutch Doopsgezinden in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries,” Mennonite Quarterly Review 88, no. 2 (2014): 195-218
III. Continuing Anabaptist Traditions
11. Historiographical Workshop #3: “New Directions”
- Nov. 19 – A Short Historiography of Anabaptism
- Reading: Snyder, Anabaptist History and Theology, appendix
- Nov. 21 – New Approaches
- Readings: Mathilde Monge, “Research Note: Who Is in the ‘Society of Christian Brothers’? Anabaptist Identity in Sixteenth-Century Cologne,” Mennonite Quarterly Review 82, no. 3 (2008): 603-614; Kat Hill, Baptism, Brotherhood, and Belief in Reformation Germany: Anabaptism and Lutheranism, 1525-1585 (2015), chapters 5 and 6
12. Continuing Anabaptist Tradition
- Nov. 26 – Genealogies: Visit to “Growing Family” Exhibition at the Mennonite Archives of Ontario, Conrad Grebel University College
- Nov. 28 – Global Anabaptisms
- Reading: Felipe Hinojosa, Latino Mennonites: Civil Rights, Faith, and Evangelical Culture (2014), chapter 5
You might consider an article on usable Anabaptist history, perhaps Bender’s “Anabaptist Vision” and Perry Bush’s “Anabaptism Born Again: Mennonites, New Evangelicals, and the Search for a Usable Past, 1950-1980” in Fides et Historia.
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